「娣昏繍濞变箰濞变箰」你不知道的英语说明文写作技巧,并配例文,快快收藏!

发布日期:2020-01-11 14:13:23    浏览次数: 896

「娣昏繍濞变箰濞变箰」你不知道的英语说明文写作技巧,并配例文,快快收藏!

娣昏繍濞变箰濞变箰,【写作指导】

1. 事理说明文

介绍如何做某事的说明文属于事理说明文,比如说明如何使用某件新产品、如何做某种食物、如何保持身体健康等。写这类说明文应注意以下几点:

(1)说明顺序要合理。因为事理说明文是阐述事理的,所以多采用逻辑顺序。常见的几种逻辑顺序包括:从因到果、从主到次、从整体到部分、从概括到具体、从现象到本质、从具体到一般等。

(2)说明方法要灵活。常用的方法包括下定义、举例子、列数字、引用、比较、分类等。

(3)说明知识要准确。

2. 事物说明文

介绍事物特点的说明文属于事物说明文,其说明对象是具体事物,目的是使读者了解该事物。

(1)介绍产品时,可以从其外形、颜色和功能等方面进行说明。在说明过程中,可借助细节描述法使被介绍的内容清晰丰满。

(2)介绍建筑物时,首先要点明它的功用,然后按照空间顺序或参观的顺序来介绍。

【真题再现】

某校英文报开辟了一个专栏:experience。本期话题是如何解决学习中遇到的困难。请你以“my approach to difficulties in learning”为题,用英语写一篇短文,谈谈自己的一些做法。

注意:1. 词数100左右;2. 短文中不能出现本人相关信息。

(2011年安徽卷书面表达)

你接受了一项写作任务,为英语校报写一篇科技报道。

[写作内容]

请根据以下信息,介绍国外医疗行业出现的一项新技术。内容包括:

技术名称:dna检测

检测方法:唾液样本分析

检测费用:125英镑

检测时长:4到6周

检测用途:1. 预测重大疾病

2. 预知食物偏好

3. 提示合适的锻炼方式

检测影响:1. 增强健康意识

2. 易引起过度焦虑

*唾液样本:saliva sample

[写作要求]

只能用5个句子表达全部内容。

[评分标准]

句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯。

(2015年广东卷基础写作)

学校正在组织科技创新大赛,你想为日常生活中某件物品(如钢笔、书包、鞋子……)设计添加新功能来参赛。请以“my magic ________”为题写一篇英语短文,介绍你的创意。

内容:1. 说明设计理由;

2. 介绍新功能。

注意:1. 词数不少于120个;

2. 不能使用真实姓名和学校名称。

(2014年湖南卷书面表达)

【参考范文】

my approach to difficulties in learning

as high school students, we run into one difficulty after another in the process of learning. everyone has their own way to deal with them. here i would like to share mine.

when i am faced with a difficulty, i usually choose to refer to relevant learning materials or web pages. in this way, i can not only work it out but also improve my ability to overcome problems all by myself.

however, when it is something beyond my competence, i turn to my classmates or teachers for help. sometimes i also ask my parents for advice. as a result, i have made steady progress in my studies.

dna testing, a new technique, achieved by analyzing a saliva sample, has started to appear in the foreign medical industry. taking 4-6 weeks, the test costs 125 pounds. as for its functions, not only can the technique be used to predict major diseases, but it also enables people to see the examinees' food preferences. with such a technique, examiners are able to provide various suggestions on appropriate exercise for examinees. it is said that the test will enhance the examinees' consciousness of health, but on the other hand it will also be likely to cause over-anxiety.

my magic shoes

to make our life easier and the environment more beautiful, i have designed a pair of magic shoes. compared to the traditional ones, they have three new unique functions.

1. the shoes are made from specially produced recycled paper which can stand high pressure and temperature and will never wear out.

2. there's no need for you to wash them, for they wash themselves.

3. most magically, they can be used as a means of transportation. when you want to get somewhere quickly, they will speed up by themselves and you will have a sense of flying. because of these shoes, in the future fewer and fewer people will drive cars. in this way our world will be greener and cleaner.

(本文来源英语周报,未经许可,不得转载)

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